Explanation: it's a condition of involuntary urination during coughing, sneezing, laughing, or other sudden movement. Strengthening these muscles by doing pelvic floor exercises can help prevent this condition.
The two point discrimination test is used to determine sensitivity to touch. This test is performed to evaluate the ability of an individual to identify two close points on a small area of skin and how well the individual can discriminate the points. The test can be done by using calipers.
The answer is disruptive selection. The allelic frequency of the population shifts to the extreme traits that are being favoured by natural selection as opposed to the intermediate traits. The variance in the population increases and two species begin to emerge. Directional selection, on the other, favours one end of the extreme traits. Disruptive selection is a form of sympatric speciation.
A directional selection is the tendency for an extreme phenotype such as large size or extreme coloration to be favored over other phenotypes. Direct selection allows the favored or selected allele to increase as a result of differences in survival and reproduction among different phenotypes.